How to reduce the spread of infection 

There are simple things you can do in your daily life that will help reduce the spread of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections and protect those at highest risk. Things you can choose to do are:

  1. Get vaccinated.
  2. Let fresh air in if meeting others indoors.
  3. Practise good hygiene:
    • wash your hands
    • cover your coughs and sneezes
    • clean your surroundings frequently
  4. Wear a face covering or a face mask.

Face coverings and face masks can help reduce the chance of you spreading infection to others, especially in crowded and enclosed spaces, and may protect you from becoming infected by some respiratory viruses.

If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection, such as COVID-19, and you have a high temperature or do not feel well enough to go to work or carry out normal activities, you are advised to try to stay at home and avoid contact with other people.

There is guidance on steps you can take to protect other people if you are unwell with symptoms of a respiratory infection, including COVID-19.
 

If you have COVID-19, there is a high risk that others in your household will catch it from you. There are several things you can do to reduce the spread of infection in your household.

  1. Limit close contact with others. Spend as little time as possible in communal areas.

  2. Regularly clean frequently touched surfaces and shared rooms like kitchens and bathrooms.

  3. Wash your hands regularly using soap and water, particularly after coughing and sneezing.

  4. Get help where possible from those you live with. Ask for help with cleaning and being brought food safely to avoid unnecessary contact.

  5. Use a face covering if you need to spend time in shared spaces.

  6. Keep rooms well ventilated.

  7. Catch coughs and sneezes in disposable tissues and put them straight in the bin.

    Image of text explaining how to reduce spread of infections at home